蒙彼利埃三大语言申请 www.dhzusj.com.cn 譚盾個人資料：
1957年8月18日譚盾出生于湖南長沙郊區思茅沖，自幼深受中華楚文化的影響，高中時下放到農村插隊，后在縣京劇團開始其職業音樂家的生涯。1978年，譚盾帶著一把只有三根弦的小提琴考入中央音樂學院作曲系，師從趙行道、黎音海直至獲得作曲碩士學位。1986年，譚盾獲美國哥倫比亞大學獎學金，隨大衛.多夫斯基及周文中學習并獲得博士學位。至今譚盾旅居于美國紐約。 早在大學時期，譚盾即為當時中央音樂學院著名的"四大才子"之一，1979年，22歲的譚盾創作了第一部交響樂作品《離騷》，就因使用了鼓、蕭等當時被認為是前衛的音響和技術而引起爭議。被同學郭文景稱"絕對是個天才"的他在1983年以交響曲《風雅頌》贏得國際作曲大獎(Weber prize in Dresden)，1984年舉行的"譚盾中國器樂作品專場音樂會"發表了《天影》及《雙闕》等多首曲目，引起不少批評，卻也震撼了當時的民樂界。由于堅持在聲音、技術上的不斷探索，他被認為是中國先鋒音樂的重要代表人物。到美國后的譚盾也曾有過在街頭拉琴謀生的經歷，1989年，一首以自制樂器演奏的作品《九歌》問世后，譚盾終于在國際樂壇獲得成功，并不斷以令人驚奇的創作成為越來越被國際樂壇矚目的重要作曲家譚盾獲獎全記錄：-《風雅頌》獲得大獎Weber prize in Dresden (1983年)獲加拿大格蘭格德音樂獎(1996年)-《馬可波羅》Marco Polo (Sony Classcial SK 62912)奪得日本《Record Geijutsu》“當代最佳唱片獎”(1997年)被《紐約時報》評為“本年度國際樂壇最重要十位音樂家之一”(1997年)被德國《歌劇世界》評為“本年度最佳作曲家”(1997年)獲得格威文美爾作曲大獎Grawemeyer Award(1999年)-《臥虎藏龍》電影原創音樂獲得“美國洛杉磯影評人大獎”和“臺灣金馬獎”(2001年)獲得比利時佛蘭德原創音樂獎(2001年)獲得在第53屆《英國電影學院頒獎禮》(英國奧斯卡)“安東尼亞斯基夫音樂獎”(2001年)獲得第73屆美國奧斯卡“最佳原創音樂”獎(2001年)by Craig HarrisTan Dun is one of the most influential classical composers to emerge out of China. Combining the musical traditions of his homeland with contemporary western influences, Dun has created a rich legacy of unique compositions. Known for his use of vivid drama, expressive harmonies and imaginative tonal coloring, Dun has been characterized by his spatial arrangements and use of silence. A partial list of ensembles that have performed and/or recorded his work includes the Kronos Quartet, Yo Yo Ma, London Sinfonetta, Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, Toronto Symphony, BBC Scottish Symphony, London Philharmonic, Helsinki Symphony, Tokyo Symphony and Ensemble Modern. Duns music was heard on the soundtrack of the film Fallen. In 1993, Dun became the youngest composer to win the prestigious Suntory Prize Commission. The following year, his album, On Taoism, was named one of the years best CDs by BBC Magazine. Dun had little hope for his future during Chinas cultural revolution when he was required to plant rice. Freed after two years of compulsory labor, Dun played erhu, a two-stringed fiddle, served as arranger for a Peking opera troupe and began eight years of study at the Central Music Conservatory in Beijing. By 1983, his compositions had earned the first of numerous awards. In 1986, Dun received a fellowship from Columbia University and moved to New York City. He remained a resident of the city after receiving a doctorate in musical composition. In 1996, the Kronos Quartet performed his "Ghost Opera" around the globe. Duns operatic composition, "Marco Polo," with libretto by Paul Griffiths, was commissioned by the Edinburgh Festival and premiered at the Munich Biennale in May 1996. The success of the piece resulted in Dun being named composer of the year by Germanys Opera Magazine. In October 1996, Duns guitar concerto was performed by Sharon Isbin at the Donaueschingen Music Festival. A month later, his extended piece "Red Forecast (Orchestra Theater II)" was performed by soprano vocalist Susan Botti at the Huddersfield Music Festival and broadcast by the BBC. Commissioned by the Association for the celebration of the Reunification of Hong Kong with China, "Symphony 1997 (Heaven Earth Mankind)" was performed by Yo Yo Ma, Hong Kong Philharmonic, Imperial Bells Ensemble and Yips Childrens Choir, with Dun conducting, on July 4, 1997. The piece was subsequently given its American debut at Lincoln Centers Avery Fisher Hall during a performance by Yo Yo Ma and the Orchestra of St. Lukes. In May 1998, Duns composition "Peony Pavilion," based on an ancient Chinese opera, was performed at the Vienna Festival; a recording followed a year later. Dun additionally served as resident composer and conductor for the BBC Scottish Symphony.